“Which Do You Prefer, VR Or Your Home Cockpit?”

I’m getting this question a lot, and a viewer seems to ask it in every live stream. So I thought I’d post a bit about how I consider the question, and why my answer is not as straight forward as some might expect.

Right now, I would say that I prefer VR, but that’s not a consistent preference. It does change based on the situation. But I’ve noticed that as I go into the sim closet for a flight I’m more inclined to reach for the goggles instead of the remote for the projector. So let me get into some of the factors that matter for me, and I’ll contrast the physical and virtual cockpit experience in each. Note that I have an Oculus Rift, so I can’t speak to other HMD devices, and that I fly in X-Plane using native VR support.

Comfort

The home cockpit has an edge here. But it’s not about the goggles. I actually find the goggles very comfortable and don’t mind wearing them at all. It’s more about the overall comfort of being able to see your environment, put things places and see where they are, and the overall sense of physical freedom that comes with being able to see your surroundings. While I find the goggles comfortable, it’s nice not to have to peek under them, lift them up, etc. when I need to change a setting or grab a pencil. This isn’t a huge deal, but it is part of the experience.

Price

An easy win for VR. I picked up my Rift, which came with two sensors and two hand controllers, over a holiday sale on Amazon for $399 and I see it is still available at that price. The price for the home cockpit: no man can say! At least, no man should add it up if he doesn’t want to feel wasteful. For the quality of the experience, VR is in my view a significantly more cost-effective way to have a very immersive simulation experience, presuming you have a system powerful enough to run it. But that’s a wash, as you need a very powerful system to run three or four screens and a ton of devices in a physical cockpit, too.

Simplicity Of Environment Setup

The Rift is the clear winner here. Getting a physical cockpit up-and-running is never a straight-forward task, although it provides a dimension to the hobby that many, including me, can enjoy thanks to its high geek factor. But the fact is that even the most basic home cockpit requires a fiddling with USB ports, hubs, drivers, power management settings, etc. that VR just does not require – and that an operating system update nearly always requires you to repeat in some manner. And this is before you get into the nuances of having your gear communicate easily with your sim, which adds a whole new layer of driver and software support.

With the Rift I plugged the headset in, plugged in the two trackers, placed them in locations for good tracking, ran the Rift setup software, and was done. After that, and after learning the best practice for good performance on my rig which I detail in a post here, I made changes to the power management and overclock settings of my BIOS, PC, and GPU; changes to the SteamVR / Rift settings; and changes to the performance settings of some applications via Project Lasso. These were one-time changes, and candidly, they helped improve the performance of the physical cockpit as well.

With VR you also don’t need to build a cabin. That was a fun part of the experience for me, but it was an awful lot of labor (be it a labor of love).

Simplicity Of Sim Setup

A big nod to the Rift. As those who have built cockpits like mine know, it takes quite a while to get your aircraft and views set so everything looks just right, and in particular, so the front and side views appear in alignment and proportion. While I have posted how-tos on this (for P3D and XP) that helps people save some time, it still takes quite a bit of tweaking. In addition, in XP one needs to modify the aircraft models in PlaneMaker so that one doesn’t see unwanted parts of the cabin, and this also takes some tweaking. With the Rift you just launch a flight and go, although I do move my eyepoint around just a bit so that my yoke is where it should be given the virtual cockpit perspective. That takes just a few seconds, and I could modify the aircraft file’s eyepoint to make that setting permanent if I wished (but it’s so easy to do that I have not bothered).

The Rift also wins for device configuration, as I don’t need to set up specific device profiles for the TPM etc. based on the controls of different aircraft I might fly. I just use the Rift controllers to manipulate whatever needs manipulating in the virtual cockpit.

Simplicity Of Startup

The Rift wins here, but it’s close. On startup in the cockpit I need to turn on all the monitors and projector, overclock the GPU, launch (and have run correctly) SPAD.neXt, RF Cockpit, and the program that lets the radios talk to the sim, then launch X-Plane. I have a variety of devices that make the home cockpit as realistic as it is, so for me this is more complicated than it would be for some. For the Rift I turn on the PC and its main monitor, overclock the GPU, open Oculus Debug Tool and set AWS to fixed at 45FPS, and launch X-Plane.

Graphics

I am going to call this a qualified tie. In terms of visual quality, the traditional cockpit wins. Sitting next to a 1080p screen (or higher) provides a very sharp image. BUT – my projector view is not nearly as sharp, and while it is 1080p I can see the pixels because of the image size, so it already has a subtle screen-door effect. While you can’t see this on my videos, you can in person. But with SuperSampling set to 1.6 or 1.7, the image in the Rift, to me, looks really good, and it is very difficult to describe the quality that 3D brings to the visual experience. I strongly prefer it to 2D even with its lower visual quality.

Performance

In what may be a surprise to some, I’m going to give the nod to the Rift here. But your mileage may vary significantly, and there are situational variations. And as we get into this, note that I have a 908ti GPU and a i6700 CPU running at about 4.6, so hardware matters here. On my rig, even with all the tweaks I’ve made, in the physical cockpit I still frequently find micro-stutters, and in SoCal, low framerates unless I back of my settings some. I try to average 30 FPS, and X-Plane looks great at 30, but in congested areas it’s obviously lower and in the back country it’s closer to 50. Clouds don’t affect it much, although in IMC I need to back of my AA settings in the physical cockpit or things get slow quite quickly.

When I first used the Rift, my performance was horrible. Unflyable for me. Stutters, judders, low frames. I was ready to take it back. But as I learned more about settings and made the changes I’ve pointed to earlier, I now actually prefer the performance I get in the rift. In the rift I have the same objects and texture settings that I do in the physical cockpit. I run at HDR, as I do in the physical cockpit. I use a lower AA setting, but it looks great thanks to SuperSampling. And because I have it locked at 45 FPS, the resulting performance is extremely smooth. No micro-stutters and a very fluid experience. In SoCal it gets worse, so I turn down the objects settings a notch. But I do this in the physical cockpit as well. So all in all, I actually prefer the Rift, which is a big departure from where I started.

Kinesthetics

I call this a tie. “Feel” is a big deal in the real vs. VR debate. And when VR first came on the scene, I shook my head and said, “You can never replace the feeling of flipping a real switch or turning a real dial.” But this was before I appreciated what it was like to use the Rift’s controllers. The way they sit in your hand, the placement of the triggers, and the haptic feedback they provide makes turning a dial in the virtual cockpit feel very much like turning a real dial – or in the very least, it feels like you are turning or flipping something, and not just air. I didn’t appreciate this until I’d used them, and for me it makes a huge positive difference in the experience. And note that even in VR I am still using a physical yoke, pedals, and throttle quadrant, and I would say that all are essential to getting a more realistic VR experience. If I didn’t have them and was getting into VR, I would buy them (and probably a trim wheel, too).

But there is another place where feel matters, and that’s the feel of flying in a real airplane. And for me, VR wins here hands down because of the nearly full field of view and the 3D image. In two years of flying in the physical cockpit only once did I get a sense of spatial disorientation. In the Rift I had it on the first flight, and on nearly every flight when I hit the brakes and the airplane pitches forward, I physically pitch forward with it. The sense of space and motion is so real that my wife can’t even wear the goggles or she gets sea sick. Now, I also use a Buttkicker to increase the sense of feel in my simulator (and in VR), but let’s be honest – it will always be difficult to get the feel of flying without a 6DOF platform on your sim, and even then it won’t be the same. But the Rift gives a very real sense of motion that is about as good as I could imagine without actually moving or feeling the G-forces, and it’s a big improvement to the experience over the physical cockpit with 2D images on the screens.

Simulation Variety

An easy win for the Rift. I intentionally designed my home cockpit to be able to simulate a variety of GA aircraft (even though it’s built to closely replicate a Cessna 182). This is why I use an iPad for the six pack and FIPs elsewhere, and they can display many different gauges and glass instruments. But it strains reality sooner rather than later. It won’t, for example, do any sort of a good job replicating a 737 or F-18. It’s here that VR shines. And I’ll tell you, the first time you sit in the left seat of a VR MD-80, start flipping switches, and rotate for take off? That will blow your mind and bring a huge smile to your face. With the Rift I can simulate a huge variety of aircraft. Not all are VR ready, but that’s only a matter of time (and a short time at that). It’s fantastic.

Immersion

Rift, hands down. I love my physical cockpit and have gone to lengths to make it look and feel realistic (down to the sunshades). But it’s awfully easy to remember I’m sitting in my closet, and the 2D imagery on the screens and the little differences between them as good as my alignment may be are constant subconscious reminders that this is not real. I find the VR experience significantly more immersive, and I actually quickly forget that I’m in my home when flying VR. (Indeed, when you take the googles off, there’s always a bit of, “Oh wow, I’m in my house.”) Many things make it so: the 3D imagery, the 3D sound.

But more so it’s the overall environment, and in particular, the light and how it acts in VR. In the headset light comes through the cabin, reflects off the surfaces, and moves through the overall world in a much more realistic manner than in the physical cockpit. No matter how good my screens, a flood light on the ramp to my right simply is not going to be bright enough to light up the entire cockpit. In VR it’s completely believable. It’s really amazing. I was never quite sure what people meant when they said VR was so “immersive,” but now with time in the Rift I believe it’s the combination of 3D imagery and the way light plays out in the scene. It’s something else. Think of it this way: when I have someone in the physical cockpit with me, they think it’s amazing and often they say, “This is so cool!” When I then put the Rift on them and have them take a few turns in the virtual aircraft, the immediately say, “Oh … WOW.” And then they’re just sort of silent and amazed for a while.

Sharing The Experience

A win for the physical cockpit. What’s more fun that having someone fly along with you? This is why I put dual control in my cockpit and it’s a big part of the appeal – especially when you can have someone sit in a sim for their first time. It’s just a lot of fun to share this experience with friends and family. And while the simulation community is hard at work finding the best way for people to fly pilot / first officer in VR, we’re not there yet, and modern GPUs simply are not powerful enough to run dual HMDs. And besides, what’s the point of sitting next to each other if you can’t look at each other?

Charts, Notes, And Kneeboards

“What about charts and things you need to write down?” is a question I often get. The physical cockpit wins here, but VR is serviceable. I can peek under the headset and see and use my kneeboard relatively easily, and now thanks to Oculus Dash and the ability to mirror my iPad to my PC, I can have ForeFlight in the virtual cabin with me. But it’s not as easy as having the iPad on the yoke and seeing my full kneeboard with a glance, that’s for sure. It’s workable, but not excellent. I do find, though, that it adds a layer of task saturation to the experience, which I think is good for me as a pilot rather than bad.

Training Utility

Here VR wins the sprint, but I don’t know if it will win the marathon. What I mean by this: as a student pilot just about to take my Private check ride, it was clear to me after just a few flights that the VR is a far better training device for me than is the home cockpit. This might surprise some folks, and it surprised me too, but here’s why. First, the sense of space and motion afforded by the VR’s 3D imagery is significantly more life-like than that provided by the 2D images and environmental lighting of the physical cockpit. The pattern looks more realistic, the sense of size and perspective is spot on, and I find the sense of motion for the aircraft (especially on final) much more true to life in VR. And VR flight at night? A black hole looks like a black hole. It’s remarkable. If I want to practice maneuvers or landings, I want to do it in VR.

In addition, in VR I can simulate the exact aircraft I fly in real-life: a Piper Archer II. While the sim version doesn’t have the GNS 430 that I do in the real aircraft, everything else is just where it should be. This means that not only are my visual references for the scan correct, but my flow for my checklists is correct. Practice makes permanent, and when I would spend a lot of time in the home cockpit and then get in the real airplane, I’d always have to remind myself where things were, which is not a good habit to build. This impression is strong enough that when I took a real-world flight last week and a day after having done a two-hour thirty minute flight in VR, I sat down in the real bird and thought, “Oh, back again.” I even wondered why the clock was INOP when it had been working the day before … and then remembered that it was the VR clock I was thinking of. That doesn’t happen with the physical cockpit.

Finally, I’ve found cross-country work in the VR to also be excellent training, especially with ortho scenery underneath. Things look good in the physical cockpit, but in VR the ability to see the scenery, identify landmarks, and look around the aircraft is just much more realistic.

So why is VR in question for the marathon if it wins the sprint? Because I don’t yet know how good it will be for IFR training and its heavy dependency upon chart work. My suspicion is it will be better from a spatial disorientation standpoint, but worse for procedures. It will be a pain just to write down a clearance, I suspect (peek under the headset to write down the CRAFT). As the ability to bring references into the virtual cabin (as I do already with Oculus Dash and ForeFlight) improves this may well change. But I won’t really know until I start IFR training. In the meantime, I plan to try a few PilotEdge I-Rating flights in VR and see how it goes, and I’ll report back when I do.

Gestalt & Summary

So all this being said, where does it leave me? If we consider the whole as being more than the sum of its parts, I prefer VR in combination with a physical yoke, pedals, throttle, and Oculus controllers as a training aid (at least so far for VFR training), as a more realistic overall experience, and simply as more fun when flying alone. It’s also faster to get up and running and has far fewer things I might need to tweak or fix along the way. It’s easier. I prefer the physical cockpit for flying with a friend, and for a complex flight that’s going to require a lot of note taking and chart work. It’s also nice sometimes not to fly with the nerd goggles (as my wife calls them) on my head.

But all-in-all, most of the time when I go into the sim closet, I’m reaching for the VR goggles. I’m surprised by this, especially since I so strongly rolled my eyes and shook my head when people started telling me how great VR was in flight simulation. “No way can it be realistic or a good training tool when you aren’t touching the real radios,” I said. But I now will say I was wrong about that thanks to the Oculus controllers. I think the VR experience is more real than the physical cockpit, not less.

In conclusion, if starting from scratch and my goal was to have the most immersive, most flexible, flight simulation experience, or if cost was a significant factor, I’d go with VR in combination with a good yoke (I love my Yoko), a set of pedals, a trim wheel, and maybe a throttle quadrant (although the VR throttles are quite good). If my goal was to share a project with my child or children, introduce others to flight simulation, do something at a very high geek level, or train for IFR (although this will certainly be an evolving part of the picture), I’d build a cockpit (and do so at a greater expense).

The VR thing is real, it’s impressive, and it’s here to stay. If you can try it, you should. You might just find it transforms how you think about your hobby.

24 thoughts on ““Which Do You Prefer, VR Or Your Home Cockpit?”

  1. For someone who is considering the move from a similar physical cockpit like yours to a VR set up, this is an excellent and informative article.

    My only worry, and something that is personal and cannot be taken as advice from another, is motion sickness. I guess the only way to know is to try it!

    Thanks.

  2. I can only second that, excellent article, when I am at home next week gonna buy one and see for myself.
    The most important advantige for me is the option to fly any plane you like, looking real, and not fixed on the hardware cockpit.
    Thanks for explaining

  3. Great article! Both options are good, VR is excellent for most things but a good basic physical cockpit is still essential for any flying or practice that is more procedural or requiring your kneeboard, or where the pixelation effect (or the required zooming in and out) gets in the way of reading instruments etc.

    1. I intend to push the limits of that. So far I’ve simulated two real world cross countries just as I would have in the real bird in VR and it worked out fine. Day before last I transited the LA basin west to east with a Charlie and Delta transition on PilotEdge with live ATC and it went fine. Next step is the Mini Route on Pilot Edge. That will be a test. Then some IFR work.

  4. Thank you for the in-depth review of your VR experience with XPlane VR.
    I watched one of your videos when you started using VR. I have used VR systems before and have been fascinated by it. I have also watched while another person used my VR, which is quite different, almost irritating.
    On a 2D video, I can look at any part of the picture; but in VR, when you turn your head you are controlling my vision. Irritating enough not to want to watch another VR video.
    You’ve spent a lot of time and money to build something impressive, inspiring others (including me) to start their own. Do you still sit in your cockpit when using VR?

  5. ….. it is not always what is currently preferable but more of a question we heading & what is the trend & the future. though still some obstacles & challenges the answer is pretty clear, VR is the way to go. 2 months ago I wouldn’t think about VR, today is nothing but VR, and, of course, the integration with all the real instruments switches knobs & controllers
    Cheers

    Yair

    1. Hey there,

      You mention about the integration with the real instruments and switches etc.. Silly question (I’m a total noob when it comes to VR), how is that integrated into the VR experience? Can you ‘reach out’ as such, and flick the switches you see?

      Many thanks!

  6. Really enjoyed your article. I too have been flying for many years in a physical cockpit that I’ve grown over the years. As a real world pilot, my first circuit under the Rift in the default FSX 172 blew me away and brought back the experience and sensation of flying a real circuit. There are challenges in VR that I miss in the physical cockpit, I.e., clarity of graphics, concern over performance hit in VR and the need to roll back some sliders, reference to charts and recording details but like you, the experience in VR seems to make you forget all these concerns and keeps bringing you back for another flight.

  7. I have a different take on VR. I’ve been following the Oculus Rift since long before it was purchased by Facebook and I couldn’t wait to try one. When I finally did I was very disappointed, If you have a big head and or wear reading glasses the goggles wont fit. You have to poke your glasses into the goggles first then put them on at which point they turn into to a torture devise. The goggles severely narrows your field of view and pixel count is very low which makes it seem like your looking through a heavy screen door. I am however impressed by your physical cockpit set up. It has inspired me to start my own business jet cockpit based on the Cirrus jet. 3D can be defined as the ability to look around something. In other words if you have an object like in front of you, you can move your head from side to side and see around it. This effect can easily be achieved in your cockpit by moving your screens a few inches out from the windows. Your windows should be smaller then your screens. Remember 3D disappears after a few hundred feet anyway so this method is perfect for a airplane cockpit. If you have rounded cockpit (business jet) you can tilt your screens inward 20 to 30 degrees with out much distortion. Flat screen TVs are dirt cheap now days. 65-70 inch 4K TVs can be had for $600. to $800. 40 inch side screens can be had for less then $200. I just bought a 21X9 extra wide screen to be used for my instruments on Amazon for $167. Cirrus jet X-1000 screens can be popped out and drug down to this screen to make a glass coacpit. No need for Air Manager or Spadnext. Business jet cockpit are getting simpler all the time. (side sticks and fly by wire) In the future yaw will be controlled by a twist joy stick instead of rudder peddles. HOTUS units such as Saitek X-52 are perfect that application and they have enough switches built in to satisfy you needs not your wants. Jet wings are always set way back on the fuselage. Because of this there is no visible structure out side the cockpit windows. Just set x-plane screens for scenery and your in business. No need to go into x- plane files an remove airplane parts.

  8. Hi
    Thanks for this. Very comprehensive and in my opinion very true.
    One of the things that I find awkward when using the Oculus Rift with physical accessories (such as yoke, throttle and trim wheel) is what do you do with your Oculus Controllers while you are using these? Especially if you need to flip a switch or turn a dial whilst using them.
    So what do you do with your Oculus Controllers whilst using the physical devices?

  9. Nothing trumps VR for combat flight sims. For IFR procedural work my home cockpit works best for me. Maybe in a few years, with higher resolution and more comfortable headgear, VR could be used for serious IFR practice.

    1. Percy,
      We just need to get him to save every other flight and play it back in VR SBS, so we can watch it in true 3-D in Big Sceen(Free) or Steam’sVIRTUAL DESKTOP($15.00), with our OWN headsets, OR A $13.00 Cardboard from Amazon if you are VR HMD-less.

      Chas

  10. Excellent summary. I was fairly far along in setting up my physical cockpit, but once I purchased my Samsung Odyssey (still discounted to $399), all activity stopped on that project.

    There are a number of things that require special attention when flying in VR, and the primary one is setting up controls, key/button assignments, and such, to be easy to find. This isn’t as critical in a GA sim like X-Plane, but I fly in Digital Combat Simulator, and the numbers and variety of keyboard combo’s required are staggering. I have a flight stick, a fore/aft HOTAS throttle, 2xSaitek throttles, a Saitek yoke, and a keyboard, and I’m struggling to get each aircraft setup in a manner that allows for seamless flying.

    A potential solution is employing Voice Attack and Vaicom to issue voice commands to the sim, especially for things like radios and other comms.

  11. Since you feel VR and the Rift is realy good do you plan on getting the Pimax 8K when it comes out because all the VR guys that have tried it said it blows everything else they have used out of the water? I have lost my Medical so this is all i have now. My setup is kind of like yours 3 screens of outside view and 1 for main panel and all the Saitek panels but for a real pilot it is still lacking the realism you talk about. I do not have VR now because i did not think VR was good enough yet but you have convinced me other wise even with the Rift. So as soon as the Pimax 8K are available i will have one. I am a CFI. and have watched from day one. Keep up the great work.

    1. Bob, my only fear about the 8K is that my PC won’t be able to run it. But I do love the VR and it feels a lot more like flying than the 2D sim, even in the physical cockpit. You’ll love it. Thanks, too, for the words of support.

  12. Your welcome. I think most people dont realize how much work it takes to produce all your videos and keep up your website so we cant thank you enough. It seems you have a good understanding of computers and software and work out all your problems as they arise. I am 75 yrs old and do not have that good of understanding of the software but have built a couple of good fast systems and i do know how all the hardware works. If i am like everone else it seems i learn a little something every time i watch one of your videos or read you reviews. I think VR is definitely the wave of the future and so i hear Apple is jumping on board with a VR system because they see all the money involved. So thats my two cents. Good luck on all the flight tests i know you will pass with flying colors, no pun intended.

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